Yog Daily

  • Mahishasuramardini…
    Read the previous part here… The armies of the devas were mesmerised. They chanted in unison as their spirits rose after witnessing this huge spectacle. From his palace, Mahishasura wondered what was happening, and walked up to his window only to see nothing but a dazzling light. This was the glory of Devi Durga, and …

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  • The tyranny of Mahishasura…
    Read the previous part here… But when you get rid of kāma, krodha and lobhā, that is just the first step. A celebration is not in order. There are more challenges on the way – challenges that will involve the Devi fighting with Mahishasura and Raktabija. How does she win? What is the inner meaning? …

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  • Victory over Mala…
    Read the previous part here… “This is because of the boon that Devi granted these asuras”, thought Sri Vishnu as he continued to battle them. “Only she can show me a way to get the better of them.” And so, Sri Vishnu prayed to Devi Mahāmayā, who appeared before him, and said… “Sri Vishnu, you …

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  • Madhu and Kaitabha
    Read the previous part here… Suratha said “Oh revered Rishi! we are grieving. I lost my kingdom, yet I feel attached to everything that is associated with it. My elephant, my people, my treasury…And this is Samādhi. He was disowned by his family, and yet he feels affectionate towards them. He still thinks about their …

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  • The body, the mind and the intellect…
    Let me tell you a story… Two people met at an ashram in a forest. The first was named Suratha. A virtuous king, Suratha had lost a battle to a much smaller enemy, and when he returned to his kingdom, found that another powerful enemy had besieged his fort. He later found out that his …

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  • Welcoming changes…
    या देवी सर्वभूतेषु विष्णुमायेति शब्दिता । नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः ॥  yā devī sarvabhūteṣu viṣṇumāyeti śabditā ।namastasyai namastasyai namastasyai namo namaḥ ॥ The number nine holds special significance in our lives. In fact, we begin our journey with the number nine – that is the number of months we spend in our mother’s wombs. Yog shastras …

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  • Achieving goals…
    Read the previous part here… Those who are righteous prefer to enter the fire and give up their lives, rather than stay in the company of their enemies, even if it is for an instant… Sthirajeevin replied… “My king, a dedicated person devotes himself to achieving the goal, and does not bother about the pains …

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  • The attack and it’s aftermath…
    Read the previous part here… Work that is not completed fast, especially when it’s end is near, loses it’s essence to time. It becomes meaningless and a fruitless exercise. MeghaVarna thought for a moment, and then said “Let’s do it. We will gather our forces, and attack right away…all of us will fly down to …

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  • Sthirajeevin prepares…
    Read the previous part here… “And so, heed my words. It is time to leave”, said Raktāksha. They set out immediately, flying northwards, far from AriMardana and his impending doom. Seeing Raktāksha fly away, Sthirajeevin thought to himself… “It’s good that Raktāksha has left. He was the only intelligent and far-sighted one in this group, …

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  • The lion, the jackal and the cave…
    Read the previous part here… When fate is against you, what can you do? The ministers and the king once again ignored this warning of Raktāksha, and Sthirajeevin continued to be well-fed and taken care of. Seeing this as a point of no return, Raktāksha called his followers and said… “The king was safe for …

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  • An assembly of fools…
    Read the previous part here… The minister who advised that I should be killed was the only person actually concerned about the welfare of this clan. He alone has the true knowledge of politics. “If they had followed his advice, no harm would have befallen them.” When they reached the entrance of the fort, AriMardana …

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  • The marriage of the rat – Part 2
    Read the previous part here… The wise should only consider seven factors when offering the girl in marriage – family status, character, family support, education, wealth, physical looks and age. The next morning, using his powers, the Guru summoned the Sun God to him, and said, “Please accept my daughter’s hand. I wish you to marry her, …

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  • The marriage of the rat…
    Read the previous part here… No one heeded to his words. The owls all lifted Sthirajeevin on their shoulders and started to carry him towards their fort. As they started to walk ahead, Sthirajeevin looked up meekly and said… “My lord! I am worthless, and I am not capable of working in any capacity. Then …

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  • The charioteer and his wife – Part 2
    Read the previous part here… “This is surely my husband hiding below the bed, to test me”, she thought to herself. “Let me show him today, how intelligent I am.” As she was thinking this, DevaDutta moved closer to her to embrace her… Seeing him come closer to her, KāmaDamini stopped Devadutta with folded hands …

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  • The charioteer and his wife…
    Read the previous part here… AriMardana had heard all his ministers speak. He now made a decision. He called all of them together… “I have decided to grant shelter to the minister of the crows”, said AriMardana. “I understand that this was a majority decision, and I thank you all for giving me your valuable …

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  • Of snakes in stomachs and ant hills…
    Read the previous part here… AriMardana now looked at PrākāraKarna and said “Tell me, oh wise one, what should we do in this situation?” PrākāraKarna replied… “My king, I think that he should not be killed. It is possible that if he is given shelter, a friendship can develop between crows and owls, and we …

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  • Of Brahmins, thieves and demons…
    Read the previous part here… AriMardana now looked at VakraNāsa and said “Tell me, oh wise one, what should we do in this situation?” VakraNāsa replied… “My king, I think that he should not be killed. Because, in some instances, an enemy can also bring about some good or be beneficial to us. It has …

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  • Of thieves and old merchants…
    Read the previous part here… It is heard that the pigeon not only welcomed his enemy who sought shelter, but also offered his own flesh as food. Once Kroorāksha was done speaking, AriMardana turned to Deeptāksha and said “And what do you think about the situation? What should we do with that crow?” Deeptāksha replied “I …

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  • The pigeon and the hunter – the conclusion
    Read the previous part here… The pigeon only blamed himself for his misery, and not the hunter. He again told the hunter “Please wait for just a few moments. I will offer you food and satiate your hunger.” एवम् उक्त्वा स धर्मात्मा प्रहृष्टेनान्तरात्मना ।तम् अग्निं सम्परिक्रम्य प्रविवेश स्व-वेश्मवत् ॥ १६८ ॥ evam uktvā sa dharmātmā …

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  • The pigeon and the hunter – part 2
    Read the previous part here… A father, a brother and a son give a little joy. But it is the husband who gives one happiness without any limits. And wives should worship such a caring husband. She then addressed her husband, and said… शृणुष्वावहितः कान्त यत् ते वक्ष्याम्य् अहं हितम् ।प्राणैर् अपि त्वया नित्यं संरक्ष्यः …

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  • The pigeon and the hunter…
    Read the previous part here… It is heard that the pigeon not only welcomed his enemy who sought shelter, but also offered his own flesh as food. AriMardana said “How did that happen?” Kroorāksha replied… कपोतलुब्धककथा The story of the pigeon and the hunter This is one of the more heart-breaking stories of the Panchatantra, but …

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  • Of swans and pigeons…
    Read the previous part here… If one does not help those who come to him seeking shelter, his prosperity vanishes, much like the swans in the lotus pond. His relatives asked him “How did that happen? Haridutta replied… हैमहम्सकथा The story of the golden swan In a city not so far away from here, lived …

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  • Kill the enemy!
    Read the previous part here… He first addressed Raktāksha. “Oh learned minister! As you are aware, I have the enemy’s minister under my control. What should we do now?” Raktāksha replied… “My king, what is there to think about? He should be killed! It is said… हीनः शत्रुर् निहन्तव्यो यावन् न बलवान् भवेत् ।प्राप्त-स्व-पौरुष-बलः पश्चाद् …

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  • AriMardana and his ministers…
    Read the previous part here… The first sign of intelligence is to not begin any task. The second sign of intelligence is to always finish a task that has been started. “It is better not to begin anything, rather to begin and then leave it midway when a problem arises.“ And so, Sthirajeevin let out …

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  • The art of deception…
    Read the previous part here… A single person should not fight a group. People who are united cannot be conquered. Even the fearful and powerful snake was eaten by a group of mere ants. “How did that happen”, asked MeghaVarna. Sthirajeevin replied… पिपीलिकाभुजङ्गमकथा The story of the ants and the serpent “This is a short …

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  • The cheat, the Brahmin and the goat…
    Read the previous part here… MeghaVarna was lost in thought, after hearing what the wise minister had said. “Oh revered sir, what should we do now?” he asked with folded hands. Sthirajeevin replied… “Oh king, in this situation there is one more strategy, other than the six that you have been advised on. That strategy …

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  • Anyone who quotes scripture is not a saint…
    Read the previous part here… “Oh saintly being”, said Kapinjalaka. “You know Dharma. We both here have a small dispute. Can you give us a solution based on what the scriptures say? He who is at fault, can be eaten by you.” TeekshnaDamshtra replied… “Oh good souls, don’t say that! I have discarded all actions …

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  • The rabbit and the sparrow
    Read the previous part here… Keen on getting justice from a worthless leader, both the rabbit and the Kapinjala the sparrow lost their lives. The birds asked” How did that happen?” The crow replied… शशकपिञ्जलकथा The story of the rabbit and Kapinjala (the sparrow) I once lived on a tree not so far away from …

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  • Of rabbits and elephants – part 2
    Read the previous part here… Elephants kill with a mere touch. Snakes kill just by smelling their prey. A king sentences a man to death while laughing, and a wicked person kills even as he pretends to respect you. “And so, we have to think how to save ourselves…” One of the rabbits replied “I …

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  • Of rabbits and elephants…
    Read the previous part here… “This is so funny! Of all the peacocks, swans, cuckoos, parrots, pigeons, ducks and cranes of this world – you chose an ugly owl?” He laughed louder. “This owl will be blind during the day, when you are all awake, and the only one awake at night, when you are …

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  • A history of enmity…
    Read the previous part here… MeghaVarna thought for a while, and then said “Oh revered Sthirajeevin, I understand what you have said. But I have a question – how did this enmity arise in the first place? Why are crows and owls such bitter enemies, that they are ready to kill each other?” Sthirajeevin sat …

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  • Dvaidhibhava…
    Read the previous part here… Sthirajeevin looked at MeghaVarna and smiled. “My son, your ministers are capable, and have given you the proper advice – such advice is useful provided the circumstances are such. However, the current situation is very different. We cannot take this lightly – our very existence is at stake. “ “And …

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  • Stay put, or seek help?
    Read the previous part here… “My king, निज-स्थान-स्थितो ऽप्य् एकः शतं योद्धुं सहेन् नरः शक्तानाम् अपि शत्रूणां – a warrior, if he is at his secure fort, can face hundreds of enemies and defeat them as well, and so you should not leave this fort at any cost. Strengthen the fort, store all food and necessities, …

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  • Hide, or stay put?
    Read the previous part here… Anujeevin replied “My dear king, our enemy is very strong, and very wicked. He is also untruthful and uncultured. Seeking peace, or waging a war – both will be wrong courses of action. In my opinion, we should go into hiding.” It is said that when the enemy is strong, …

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  • War? Or flee?
    Read the previous part here… “My dear king”, said Sanjeevin, “I don’t think that seeking an alliance with a stronger enemy is a good idea.” “And why do you say that?”, asked MeghaVarna. Sanjeevin replied… It is said… शत्रुणा न हि सन्दध्यात् सुश्लिष्टेनापि सन्धिना ।सुतप्तम् अपि पानीयं शमयत्य् एव पावकम् ॥ २३ ॥ śatruṇā na …

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  • Alliance? Or war?
    That owl has always won when fighting us, and hence fighting him again is futile. We should seek an alliance with him… It is said… अनेक-युद्ध-विजयी सन्धानं यस्य गच्छति ।तत्-प्रभावेण तस्याशु वशं गच्छन्त्य् अरातयः ॥ १० ॥ aneka-yuddha-vijayī sandhānaṃ yasya gacchati |tat-prabhāveṇa tasyāśu vaśaṃ gacchanty arātayaḥ || 10 || If a king has an alliance with a …

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  • Considering options…
    “According to Manusmiriti, there are six policies of dealing with such an issue – Sandhi (peace treaty), Vigraha (war), Yaana (preparation for war), Asana (neutrality), Samsraya (forming alliances) and Dvaidhibhava (double-dealing or pretending to be friendly). So please discuss among yourselves and let us reach a consensus on how we are going to tackle this …

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  • Of crows and owls…
    न विश्वसेत् पूर्व-विरोधितस्य शत्रोश् च मित्रत्वम् उपागतस्य ।दग्धां गुहां पश्य उलूक-पूर्णां काक-प्रणीतेन हुताशनेन ॥ १ ॥ na viśvaset pūrva-virodhitasya śatroś ca mitratvam upāgatasya |dagdhāṃ guhāṃ paśya ulūka-pūrṇāṃ kāka-praṇītena hutāśanena || 1 || One should not trust a person who has been an enemy before, but now offers the hand of friendship. Look at the cave, that was …

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  • The fabulous four…
    Read the previous part here… The hunter arrived at the scene as Mantharaka was speaking. He strung an arrow on his bow, pulled the bowstring all the way to his ear, and…. He strung an arrow on his bow, pulled the bowstring all the way to his ear, and got ready to kill the deer. …

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  • Chitraanga trapped
    Read the previous part here… After waiting for more than two hours, Mantharaka told LaghuPatanaka “My dear friend, Hiranyaka and me are too slow and will take forever to comb the forest looking for him. So can you please fly around and see if you can find Chitraanga?” LaghuPatanaka immediately agreed and rushed off to …

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  • Chitraanga
    Read the previous part here… As they were deeply engrossed in conversation, a deer named Chitraanga (the one with a beautiful spotted body) came running towards the lake, and jumped into the water with a huge splash. Alarmed, LaghuPatanaka flapped his wings and flew to the nearest branch, Hiranyaka ran into a clump of reeds …

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  • The fourth friend…
    Read the previous part here… “There is no greater wealth than happiness”, explained Mantharaka. What follows are some points of wisdom on satisfaction and happiness, and a lot of yogic thought as well. Since they are in verse form, one may tend to want to skip them. I would encourage you to read these as …

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  • On hoarding and spending money- Part 2
    Read the previous part here… “If you want to hoard money and not spend it, I will make you like GuptaDhana. If you think it is better to spend the money that you have, then I will make you like UpaBhuktaDhana.” And saying this, the voice in the sky vanished. Somilaka was surprised at this …

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  • On hoarding and spending money…
    Read the previous part here… Just like a small steam gets filled up easily, and a rats hand gets filled up with a little grain, an unenthusiastic man gets satisfied with very little. A man would always strive for more, and with a lot of energy and enthusiasm. It is said… यत्रोत्साह-समारम्भो यत्रालस्य-विनिग्रहः ।नय-विक्रम-संयोगस् तत्र …

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  • The unlucky Somilaka – Part 3
    Read the previous part here… Somalika made a rope of Kusha grass, tied one end of it around his neck, and the other end around the branch of the tree. As he got ready to jump off, he heard a loud voice. It said… The voice said “Hey Somilaka! Stop! Don’t jump. I am the …

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  • The unlucky Somilaka – Part 2
    Read the previous part here… “Your karma and destiny will follow you wherever you go. And so it is better that you stay here and continue to work hard…”, she advised. Somilaka replied “I don’t think that way. Karma has no consequence if one does not put in effort. It has been said…” यथैकेन न …

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  • The unlucky Somilaka
    Read the previous part here… What can be burdensome for an able man? What task is far-fetched for one who is hard-working? What place is alien for the wise? Who can be distant from a man who speaks well? Mantharaka continued “My dear Hiranyaka, you are intelligent, and will understand this easily. उत्साह-सम्पन्नम् अदीर्घ-सूत्रं क्रिया-विधिज्ञं …

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  • The three friends discuss…
    Read the previous part here… “And so, after experiencing all the good and the bad that the world had to offer, I felt disillusioned with that place and decided to come here with LaghuPatanaka. This, in short, was the cause of my loss in interest and dispassion. Mantharaka smiled, and said “My dear, LaghuPatanaka is …

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  • What is destined…you will surely obtain…
    Read the previous part here… The guard had a daughter called Vinayavatee (the one who is disciplined). She was a pretty young girl, and was waiting for her own lover, who she had invited to spend the night, since she knew that she would be alone at home. This was her room, and she had …

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  • What is destined…
    Read the previous part here… After a while, a second person questioned him, and Bhagyadatta had the same response. In fact, whenever anyone asked him anything, he replied in the same manner. And so, everyone in the city started to call him “प्राप्तव्यमर्थं” (Prāptavyamartha) The king of that city had a young and beautiful daughter …

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  • Fighting destiny…mouse style
    Read the previous part here… Dejected, I slowly walked back home, and reached early in the morning. As I was entering what was left of my fortress, I overheard my servants talking to each other…. They were saying “There is no use of being around Hiranyaka now; he is incapable of providing us food. Not …

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  • More troubles for Hiranyaka…
    Read the previous part here… And so, frightened at the turn of events, I decided to take my followers on a path different from my usual route, and away from my fortress. I had just set out when… I had just set out when I saw a big cat standing ahead in our path. We …

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  • A troubled mouse…
    Read the previous part here… In what place, or time, or age, or manner, one performs his actions, in that place, at that time, at that age and in that manner will he receive the fruits of those actions. “And so this is what I will do”, thought Dirgharava… “I will ration this food in …

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  • When a deal is too good to be true…
    Read the previous part here… When the mother tried to exchange the husked sesame seeds for the unhusked ones, she surely had a good reason. TaamraChooda said ” How did that happen?” Brihatsphinga replied… तिलचूर्णविक्रयकथा The story of the sesame seeds “Once, during a monsoon season a couple of years back, I had requested a …

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  • To tackle a mouse…
    Read the previous part here… One day TaamraChooda decided to catch me and beat me up. He bought an old bamboo stick, and kept hitting the bowl throughout the night, as he lay half-awake. I was frightened – I didn’t want the stick to hit me, and so stayed away from the bowl. He spent …

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  • And then there were three…
    Read the previous part here… LaghuPatanaka set Hiranyaka down at the side of the lake, climbed onto a branch, and yelled out “Hey Mantharaka! Look, it’s your old friend LaghuPatanaka the crow! I have been longing to see you! Come, come fast and hug me!” It is said that fragrant sandal paste, the coolness of …

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  • Meeting new friends…
    Read the previous part here… And so Hiranyaka and LaghuPatanaka become as inseparable as the nail and the finger. Forget not stepping out of his fortress, Hiranyaka now started to sit close to LaghuPatanaka, shielded from the sun under his wings, discussing matters of the world. One day, LaghuPatanaka approached Hiranyaka with tears in his …

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  • The beauty of friendship…
    Read the previous part here… Hearing Hiranyaka’s arguments, Laghpatanaka was at a loss of words. He didn’t know how to give an answer to these clever responses, and instead thought to himself “Amazing! Hiranyaka is so learned, and so well-versed in the strategic and administrative sciences! Its no wonder that I thought of becoming his …

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  • Ganapati Atharvashirsha
    श्री गणेशाय नमः! Shri Ganesha is among the most popular deities in the Hindu Pantheon. He is worshipped in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bali, Bangladesh, Fiji, Mauritius, and many other countries around the world.  His images are found in Tibetan Buddhism, Shingon Buddhism, Japanese Kanji and Jainism as well.  Known as the remover of …

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  • Developing a friendship…
    Read the previous part here… And so, to make friends with me, at least come out once and meet me. I feel what I ask is fair”, said LaghuPatanaka. Hiranyaka said “I have to be careful. If I think that no one will harm me just because I am good at heart or talented, then …

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  • Convincing new friends…
    Read the previous part here… And having thought this, LaghuPatanaka climbed down from the tree and stood near the entrance of the fortress where Hiranyaka lived. He imitated ChitraGreeva and called out “Hiranyaka, come out, come out fast!” Hearing this, Hiranyaka thought to himself “Is there any other pigeon that was not freed the first …

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  • Making new friends…
    Read the previous part here… “And this is why, as a consequence of my greed, we all got caught in this web. I need your help. Please free us!” Hearing him speak, Hiranyaka said… अर्धार्धाद् योजन-शताद् आमिषं वीक्षते खगः ।सो ऽपि पार्श्व-स्थितं दैवाद् बन्धनं न च पश्यति ॥ २० ॥ ardhārdhād yojana-śatād āmiṣaṃ vīkṣate khagaḥ |so …

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  • Meeting old friends…
    Read the previous part here… The Sun is red at the time of rising, and red at the time of setting too. Likewise, great men remain alike in both good times and bad times. And so, here is what we will do… Let us all rise up in the sky together, along with net which …

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  • The pigeons and the hunter…
    असाधना अपि प्राज्ञा बुद्धिमनोत् बहु-श्रुताः ।साधयन्त्य् आशु कार्याणि काकाखु-मृग-कूर्मवत् ॥ १ ॥ asādhanā api prājñā buddhimanot bahu-śrutāḥ |sādhayanty āśu kāryāṇi kākākhu-mṛga-kūrmavat || 1 || The wise and the intelligent can accomplish their goals even in the absence of guidance, much like the crow, the mouse the deer and the tortoise who got together and were able to …

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  • Tirukkural – on giving
    கைம்மாறு வேண்டா கடப்பாடு மாரிமாட்டுஎன்ஆற்றுங் கொல்லோ உலகு.   Kaimmaaru Ventaa Katappaatu MaarimaattuEnAatrung Kollo Ulaku (211) The benevolent expect no return for their dutiful giving. How can the world ever repay the rain clouds? मेघानं वर्षतां नित्यं कि साह्यं कुर्वते जना:।मेघतुल्या महान्तोऽपि निष्काममुपकुर्वते॥ (२११) उपकारी नहिं चाहते, पाना प्रत्युपकार ।बादल को बदला भला, क्या देता संसार ॥ (२११) …

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  • Tirukkural – on not coveting
    வேண்டற்க வெஃகியாம் ஆக்கம் விளைவயின்மாண்டற் கரிதாம் பயன்.  Ventarka Veqkiyaam Aakkam VilaivayinMaantar Karidhaam Payan (177) Do not seek the fortune that greed gathers, for its fruit is bitter on the day of enjoyment. परद्रव्यापहारेण लब्धं वस्तु परित्यजेत् ।फलप्रदानवेलायां न तच्छ्रेय: प्रदास्यति ॥ (१७७) चाहो मत संपत्ति को, लालच से उत्पन्न ।उसका फल होता नहीं कभी सुगुण-संपन्न ॥ …

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  • Tirukkural – on jealousy
    விழுப்பேற்றின் அஃதொப்பது இல்லையார் மாட்டும்அழுக்காற்றின் அன்மை பெறின்.  Vizhuppetrin Aqdhoppadhu Illaiyaar MaattumAzhukkaatrin Anmai Perin (162) No blessing is so great as a nature that is free from all envy. असूया यस्य न भवेत् सर्वदा सर्वजन्तुषु ।स एव भग्यवान् लोके सर्वभाग्येषु तद्वरम् ॥ (१६२) सबसे ऐसा भाव हो, जो है ईर्ष्या- मुक्त ।तो उसके सम है नहीं, भाग्य …

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  • Tirukkural – on patience and forbearance
    அகழ்வாரைத் தாங்கும் நிலம்போலத் தம்மைஇகழ்வார்ப் பொறுத்தல் தலை.  Akazhvaaraith Thaangum Nilampolath ThammaiIkazhvaarp Poruththal Thalai (151) To bear with those who revile us, just as the earth bears up those who dig it, is the greatest of virtues. धारणात् खनकस्यापि धरण्या इव नि:समा ।स्वापराधिषु या क्षान्ति: स धर्म: परमो नृणाम् ॥ (१५१) क्षमा क्षमा कर ज्यों धरे, जो …

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  • Rang de chunariya…
    श्याम पिया मोरी रंग दे चुनरिया । ऐसी रंग दे, के रंग नहीं छुटे ।धोभिया धोये चाहे सारी उमरिया ॥ लाल ना रंगाऊं मैं, हरी ना रंगाऊ ।अपने ही रंग में रंग दे चुनरिया ॥ बिना रंगाये मैं तो घर नाही जाउंगी ।बीत ही जाए चाहे सारी उमरिया ॥ मीरा के प्रभु गिरिधर नागर ।प्रभु …

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  • जय श्री कृष्ण!
    Krishna, Kishan, Madhav, Banke Bihari, Gopala, Kanhaiya, Ranchhod, Parthasarathy, Ishvara…the many names and the many facets of the personality of the most loved God in the Hindu pantheon – Sri Krishna. God is all-powerful, controls the Universe – fear God, they say – since He is looking at all your bad deeds and will punish …

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  • Tirukkural – on good conduct
    மறப்பினும் ஓத்துக் கொளலாகும் பார்ப்பான்பிறப்பொழுக்கங் குன்றக் கெடும்.  Marappinum Oththuk Kolalaakum PaarppaanPirappozhukkang Kundrak Ketum (134) If a learned man forgets the scriptures, he can relearn them. But if he forgets right conduct, there is no redemption. अधीतविस्मृतं वेदं प्राप्नोति पठनात् पुन: ।विप्रो नषकुलाचार: पुनर्नाप्नोति विप्रताम् ॥ (१३४) संभव है फिर अध्ययन, भूल गया यदि वेद ।आचारच्युत विप्र के, होगा …

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  • Tirukkural – on self-restraint
    செறிவறிந்து சீர்மை பயக்கும் அறிவறிந்துஆற்றின் அடங்கப் பெறின்.  Serivarindhu Seermai Payakkum ArivarindhuAatrin Atangap Perin (123) If one exercises self-restraint with knowledge and intent, he will be counted among the wise. ज्ञातव्यं तत्वतो ज्ञात्वा संयमी यो भवेन्नर: ।महात्मनां गुणाज्ञानां कृपया स सुखी वसेत् ॥ (१२३) कोई संयमशील हो, अगर जानकर तत्व ।संयम पा कर मान्यता, देगा उसे महत्व …

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  • Tirukkural – on justice and impartiality
    தக்கார் தகவிலர் என்பது அவரவர்எச்சத்தாற் காணப்ப படும்.   Thakkaar Thakavilar Enpadhu AvaravarEchchaththaar Kaanap Patum (114) The just and unjust shall be known by the reputation that they leave behind. अयं माध्यस्थ्यवर्तीति विपरीतोऽयमित्यपि ।सदसत्पुत्रजन्मभ्यां ज्ञातुं शक्यं विशेषत: ॥ (११४) कोई ईमान्दार है, अथवा बेईमान ।उन उनके अवशेष से, होती यह पहचान ॥ (११४) ಸಮಭಾವವುಳ್ಳವರೆ, ಅಲ್ಲವೆ ಎಂಬುದನ್ನು ಅವರವರ ಮಕ್ಕಳ …

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  • Tirukkural – on gratefulness
    செய்யாமல் செய்த உதவிக்கு வையகமும்வானகமும் ஆற்றல் அரிது.   Seyyaamal Seydha Udhavikku VaiyakamumVaanakamum Aatral Aridhu (101) The gift of heaven and earth is not an equivalent for help that is given where none had been received. अस्माभिरकृते साह्ये यस्तु साह्‌यं करोति न: ।लोकद्वयप्रदानेऽपि तस्य नास्ति प्रतिक्रिया ॥ (१०१) उपकृत हुए बिना करे, यदि कोइ उपकार ।दे कर भू …

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  • Tirukkural – on pleasant speech
    பணிவுடையன் இன்சொலன் ஆதல் ஒருவற்குஅணியல்ல மற்றுப் பிற.   Panivutaiyan Insolan Aadhal OruvarkuAniyalla Matrup Pira (95) Humility and sweetness of speech are the ornaments of man; everything else is secondary. विनयो मधुरालाप: द्वयमाभरणं नृणाम् ।ताभ्यां द्वाभ्यां विहीनस्य किमन्यैर्भूषणै: फलम् ॥ (९५) मृदुभाषी होना तथा, नम्र-भाव से युक्त ।सच्चे भूषण मनुज के, अन्य नहीं है उक्त ॥ (९५) ವಿನಯಶೀಲನಾಗಿರುವುದು, …

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  • Tirukkural – on serving guests
    விருந்து புறத்ததாத் தானுண்டல் சாவாமருந்தெனினும் வேண்டற்பாற் றன்று.  Virundhu Puraththadhaath Thaanuntal SaavaaMarundheninum Ventarpaar Randru (82) It is not fit that one should wish his guests to be outside the house, even though he were eating the food of immortality. प्रियातिथिमसम्मान्य गृहे यद्वस्तु भुज्यते ।साक्षादमृतमेवास्तु न तच्छ्‌लाघ्यं कदाचन ॥ (८२) बाहर ठहरा अतिथि को, अन्दर बैठे आप ।देवामृत …

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  • Tirukkural – the virtues of love
    அன்பிற்கும் உண்டோ அடைக்குந்தாழ் ஆர்வலர்புன்கணீர் பூசல் தரும்.  Anpirkum Unto Ataikkundhaazh AarvalarPunkaneer Poosal Tharum (71) Can love be hidden? It will reveal itself in the tiny teardrop that forms when a loved one is in distress. अर्गलं नास्ति हि प्रीते: प्रीतानामश्रुबिन्दव: ।प्रकाशयन्ति सर्वेषां प्रीतिमन्त:स्थितामपि ॥ (७१) अर्गल है क्या जो रखे, प्रेमी उर में प्यार ।घोषण करती …

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  • Tirukkural – on the role of children
    தந்தை மகற்காற்று நன்றி அவையத்துமுந்தி இருப்பச் செயல்.   Thandhai Makarkaatrum Nandri AvaiyaththuMundhi Iruppach Cheyal (67) The best thing parents can do for their children is to prepare them stand foremost in the assembly of the learned. पितृदेवातिथीपिता विद्याप्रदानेन पण्डिताग्रेसरं सुतम् ।यदि कुर्यात्‌सुतस्यैतत् महत् साह्यमुदीर्यते ॥ (६७) पिता करे उपकार यह, जिससे निज संतान ।पंडित-सभा-समाज में, पावे अग्रस्थान …

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  • Tirukkural – the virtues of a spouse
    மனைக்தக்க மாண்புடையள் ஆகித்தற் கொண்டான்வளத்தக்காள் வாழ்க்கைத் துணை.  Manaikdhakka Maanputaiyal Aakiththar KontaanValaththakkaal Vaazhkkaith Thunai (51) She is the helpful wife who possesses the fullness of domestic virtues and spends within her husband’s means. दयादिगुणसम्पन्ना भर्तुरायानुसारत्: ।करोति जीवनं याऽत्र सैव भार्येति कथ्यते ॥ (५१) गृहिणी-गुण-गण प्राप्त कर, पुरुष-आय अनुसार ।जो गृह-व्यय करती वही, सहधर्मिणी सुचार ॥ (५१) ಮನೆಗೆ …

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  • Tirukkural – on the householder
    தென்புலத்தார் தெய்வம் விருந்தொக்கல் தானென்றாங்குஐம்புலத்தாறு ஓம்பல் தலை. Thenpulaththaar Theyvam Virundhokkal ThaanendraanguAimpulaththaaru Ompal Thalai (43) A good householder has five duties to perform – towards God, his ancestors, guests, family and himself. पितृदेवातिथीनां च बन्धूनामात्मनस्तथा ।सत्कृतिर्धर्ममागेंण गृहस्थस्य वरा मता ॥ (४३) पितर देव फिर अतिथि जन, बन्धु स्वयं मिल पाँच ।इनके प्रति कर्तव्य का, भरण धर्म है …

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  • Tirukkural – On virtue
    மனத்துக்கண் மாசிலன் ஆதல் அனைத்தறன்ஆகுல நீர பிற.  Manaththukkan Maasilan Aadhal AnaiththuAranAakula Neera Pira (34) A mind free of impurity, is the basis of all virtue. Everything else is empty show. यत् कृतं शुद्धमनसा स धर्म इति कथ्यते ।हच्छुद्धिरहितं कर्म केवलाडम्बरार्थकम् ॥ (३४) मन का होना मल रहित, इतना ही है धर्म ।बाकी सब केवल रहे, ठाट-बाट …

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  • Tirukkural – on control of the senses
    உரனென்னும் தோட்டியான் ஓரைந்தும் காப்பான்வரனென்னும் வைப்பிற்கோர் வித்தது.  Uranennum Thottiyaan Oraindhum KaappaanVaranennum Vaippirkor Viththu (24) One who has the strength to control his five senses, paves the way for a higher experience of life. धैर्याङ्कुशेन् संयम्य गजान् पञ्चेन्द्रियात्मकान् ।य: पालयत्ययं मोक्षफलकृद्वीजवद्भवेत् ॥ (२४) अंकुश से दृढ़ ज्ञान के, इन्द्रिय राखे आप ।ज्ञानी वह वर लोक का, बीज …

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  • Tirukkural – In praise of rain
    துப்பார்க்குத் துப்பாய துப்பாக்கித் துப்பார்க்குத்துப்பாய தூஉம் மழை.  Thuppaarkkuth Thuppaaya Thuppaakkith ThuppaarkkuthThuppaaya Thooum Mazhai (12) All food is produced because of rain, which itself is food again. आहारापेक्षलोकस्य भोज्यं धान्यादिकं बहु ।उत्पाथ पेयतामेति स्वयं वर्षे जलात्मना ॥ (१२) आहारी को अति रुचिर‍, अन्नरूप आहार ।वृष्ति सृष्टि कर फिर स्वयं, बनती है आहार ॥ (१२) ಉಣ್ಣುವವರಿಗೆ ತಕ್ಕ ಉಣಿಸನ್ನು …

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  • Tirukkural – on non-attachment
    இருள்சேர் இருவினையும் சேரா இறைவன்பொருள்சேர் புகழ்புரிந்தார் மாட்டு. Irulser Iruvinaiyum Seraa IraivanPorulser Pukazhpurindhaar Maattu (5) Those who are content in God’s praise, are not affected by the delusions caused by good deeds and bad. माहात्म्यमप्रमेयस्य ज्ञात्वा तं भजतां नृणाम् ।अज्ञानमूलकं कर्म द्विविधं चापि नश्यति ॥ (५) जो रहते हैं ईश के, सत्य भजन में लिप्त ।अज्ञानाश्रित कर्म …

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  • Tirukkural – In praise of God
    அகர முதல எழுத்தெல்லாம் ஆதிபகவன் முதற்றே உலகு.  Akara Mudhala Ezhuththellaam AadhiPakavan Mudhatre Ulaku (1) The alphabet begins with the “A” sound, so does the Universe begin with the universal consciousness. अकारादेव निर्यान्ति समस्तान्यक्षराणि च ।चराचरप्रपञ्चोऽय मीश्वरादेव जायते ॥ (१) अक्षर सबके आदि में, है अकार का स्थान ।अखिल लोक का आदि तो, रहा आदि भगवान ॥ …

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  • The wisdom of Tirukkural
    எண்ணித் துணிகக் கருமம் துணிந்தபின்எண்ணுவம் என்பது இழுக்கு enni thuniga karumam thuninthapinennuvam enbathu izhukku (467) कार्यनिर्वहणोपायमादौ ज्ञात्वा क्रियां कुरु ।प्रविश्य कार्ये नोपायचिन्तनं कार्यसाधकम् ॥ (४६७) होना प्रवृत्त कर्म में, करके सोच-विचार ।‘हो कर प्रवृत्त सोच लें’, है यह गलत विचार ॥ (४६७) ಆಲೋಚನೆ ಮಾಡಿದ ಮೇಲೇ ಕೆಲಸವನ್ನು ಕೈಗೊಳ್ಳುವ ನಿರ್ಧಾರಕ್ಕೆ ಬರಬೇಕು. ಮೊದಲೇ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡಲು ನಿರ್ಧರಿಸಿ ಆಮೇಲೆ ಆ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ‘ಆಲೋಚನೆ …

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  • Ivu mūru tannannē kollavuvu Sarvajña…
    Read Part 1 here… ಕೊಟ್ಟು ಹುಟ್ಟಲಿಲ್ಲ, ಮುಟ್ಟಿ ಪೂಜಿಸಲಿಲ್ಲ, ಸಿಟ್ಟಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಶಿವನ ಬೈದರೆ  ಶಿವ ತಾನು ರೊಟ್ಟಿ, ಕೊಡುವನೆ Koṭṭu huṭṭalilla, muṭṭi pūjisalilla, Siṭṭinalli śivana baidare Śiva tānu roṭṭi, koḍuvane Sarvagna Neither did you care to give, nor did you pray with a pure heart…and now you scolding God for being indifferent to you, doesn’t make him serve you …

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  • If I am not for myself…
    If I am not for myself…who will be? If I am for myself alone…who am I? If not now…when? And if not you…who? Four phrases that shook me when I heard them. Hillel the Elder was a Jewish philosopher who lived over 2000 years ago. While I have not read his teachings extensively, I am …

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  • Vidyea parvathave aadha Sarvajña…
    ಒಲೆಗುಂಡನೊಬ್ಬನೇ ಮೆಲಬಹುದು ಎಂದಿಹರೆ ಮೆಲಬಹುದು ಎಂಬವನೆ  ಜಾಣ  , ಮೂರ್ಖನ ಗೆಲುವಾಗದಯ್ಯ  Olegundanobbanaee maelabahudhu yendhihare Maelabahudhu yembavane jaana, Murkhana geluvaagadheyaa, Sarvagna Arguing with a fool is a foolish act in itself. If a fool says that iron can be chewed, one must reply – yes, it can be chewed, and allow the fool to win! Sarvajña (Kannada: ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞ) was a Kannada poet, pragmatist and philosopher of …

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  • What is the point of the Panchatantra?
    उदीरितोऽर्थःपशुनापिगृहतेहयाश्चनागाश्चवहन्तिचोदिताः।अनुक्तम्अप्य्ऊहतिपण्डितोजनःपरेङ्गित–ज्ञान–फ्जलाहिबुद्धयः॥४४॥ udīrito ‘rthaḥ paśunāpi gṛhate hayāś ca nāgāś ca vahanti coditāḥ |anuktam apy ūhati paṇḍito janaḥ pareṅgita-jñāna-phjalā hi buddhayaḥ || 44 || Even animals can sort of make out the meanings of the words uttered. Horses and elephants do as directed. Learned men can even understand the meaning of words not spoken aloud. True intelligence lies in …

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  • The introduction…
    कथामुखं The introduction In a city called Mahilaropya, very far away from here, lived a king named Amarashakti (the ever-powerful). He took very good care of his kingdom and his subjects, and was loved and revered by all. He was a master of all the sciences and the art of politics and negotiations, of ethics …

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  • The conclusion…
    Read the previous part here… चौरब्राह्मणकथा The story of the Brahmin thief  In a city not so far away, lived a highly-learned Brahmin. Unfortunately, due to his past karma, he lived as a thief.  One day he saw four Brahmins who had recently come to his city, selling some wares…. The thief thought to himself …

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  • Of wise enemies and foolish friends..
    Read the previous part here… “And that is why” said Karataka, Where one unusual incident can take place, another unusual incident can also take place. “You did all this because you could not tolerate Pingalaka favouring Sanjeevaka. It is rightly said…” प्रायेणात्र कुलान्वितं कुकुलजाः श्री-वल्लभं दुर्भगा दातारं कृपणा ऋजून् अनृजवो वित्ते स्थितं निर्धनाः ।वैरूप्योपहृताश् च …

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  • The iron balance and the merchant’s son
    Read the previous part here… Where rats can eat a huge and heavy balance made of iron , O king, the hawk can easily carry off a child; there is no doubt about it. Damanaka said “How did that happen?” Karataka replied… लोहतुलावणिक्पुत्रकथा The story of the iron balance and the merchant’s son In a city …

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  • The crane and the mongoose
    Read the previous part here… A wise man should think of a good plan to get out of danger;  but he must be also be aware of the danger that can arise due to his plans. All the cranes were killed by the mongoose, because of the foolishness of one crane.  Dharma-Buddhi said “How did that …

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  • Dharma-Buddhi and Paapa-Buddhi – part 2
    Read the previous part here… When they reached, they started digging. When they took out the vessel in which the money was kept – they found it to be empty. Paapa-Buddhi started to wail loudly, slapping his forehead, and with tears in his eyes, shouted at Dharma-Buddhi “You cheat! No one else could have stolen …

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  • Dharma-Buddhi and Paapa-Buddhi
    Read the previous part here… I know both Dharma-Buddhi and Paapa-Buddhi. It is due to the stupidity of the son that the father nearly died from smoke.” Damanaka said “How did that happen?” Karataka replied… धर्मबुद्धिपापबुद्धिकथा The story of Dharma-Buddhi and Paapa-Buddhi In a city, not so far away from her, lived two friends named …

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  • Of advice, and stupidity…
    Read the previous part here… Advice should not be offered to anybody and everybody. Learn from that incident where a person with such a nice home, was rendered homeless. Damanaka said “How did that happen?” Karataka replied… वानरचटकदंपतीकथा The story of the money and the sparrow couple On a big tree in a forest not …

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  • Soocheemukha and the monkeys
    Read the previous part here… A crooked and mean person only knows how to cause ruin; he cannot resolve anything. A rat is strong enough to make the rice-pot fall down; not to keep it back straight.stand it back up. Karataka continued venting at Damanaka. “Maybe this is not your fault alone. Pingalaka is also to blame …

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  • Karataka scolds Damanaka
    Read the previous part here… Seeing them fight from a distance, Karataka looked at Damanaka angrily and said ” You fool! Look at what you have done! This enmity that you created between two friends is wrong. You claim to know politics, but you don’t. The learned say…” कार्याण्य् उत्तम-दण्ड-साहस-फलान्य् आयास-साध्यानि ये प्रीत्या संशमयन्ति नीति-कुशलाः …

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