Vajrasana – वज्रासन

Yoga Day 2019

21st June is celebrated as International Yoga Day. Here is today’s asana.

The name comes from the Sanskrit words vajra, a weapon whose name means “thunderbolt” or “diamond”, and asana meaning “posture”.

Vajrasana or Thunderbolt pose is considered to be the best sitting posture, for practicing breathing exercises and meditation. In India, a lot of people sit in this asana after eating their meals. This is a great posture for smooth digestion.

From my background in martial arts (Kyokushin Karate), I recognise this asana being practised in Japan from centuries – its called seiza. The ankles are turned outward as the tops of the feet are lowered so that, in a slight “V” shape, the tops of the feet are flat on the floor and big toes overlapped, the right always on top of the left, and the buttocks are finally lowered all the way down. Depending on the circumstances, the hands are folded modestly in the lap, or are placed palm down on the upper thighs with the fingers close together, or are placed on the floor next to the hips, with the knuckles rounded and touching the floor. The back is kept straight, though not unnaturally stiff. Traditionally, women sit with the knees together while men separate them slightly. Some martial arts, such as karate, may prescribe up to two fist widths of distance between the knees for men.

Japanese in Seiza

When sitting in Vajrasana with your eyes closed, the Ajna Chakra is stimulated. The third eye chakra is an instrument to perceive the more subtle qualities of reality. It goes beyond the more physical senses into the realm of subtle energies. Being tuned into this chakra, allows you to open up to an intuitive sensibility and inner perception.

Ajna Chakra

Preparatory poses are warm up poses so you should learn a few Vajrasana yoga prep poses such as Ardha Shalabhasana and Shalabhasana before you learn how to do Thunderbolt pose. These prep poses for Vajrasana will help to gently stretch your muscles and this will ensure that you don’t get a muscle pull while doing this pose.

Steps to perform Vajrasana

Step 1: Bend your knees and sit on your buttocks.

Step 2: The sides of your soles should be close together.

Step 3: Interlock your big toes.

Step 4: Maintain your posture so that your spine and neck are absolutely straight

Step 5: Place your palms on your knees and relax your shoulders.

Step 6: Balance your body in this position while taking deep and even breaths.

Step 7: Do not lean back or allow your spine to arch backwards.

Step 8: Keep your eyes closed and remain conscious of your breathing.

Step 9: Inhale and exhale slowly and allow your mind and body to relax completely.

Step 10: Sit in this pose for a minimum of 2 minutes. Once you are used to it, you can increase this to 5-10 minutes.

To release from Vajrasana, move your hands from your knees to your sides. Slowly raise your knees and shift your weight on to your toes and then straighten your legs so that you return to a seated position. When moving from Vajrasana to any of the other poses, make sure that your movements are slow and smooth. Instead of transitioning from one static pose directly to the next, you can include 10 seconds of mindful breathing in between the poses. This will help you focus and be mindful of your movements.

Benefits of Vajrasana

  1. Better digestion: The kneeling posture helps better blood circulation in the body. It modifies the blood flow by reducing the blood flow in lower portion, especially in the legs and increasing blood flow to the digestive organs resulting to efficiency of the digestive system. People with weak digestion are benefited.
  2. Strengthens the back: As the spine is erect and our hips are supported by the heels, it helps in strengthening the back.
  3. Optimal organ functioning: As the torso is kept straight, there is optimal place for every internal organ. Thereby, the organs are not squeezed and can function effectively.
  4. Thigh toner: Sitting in this asana helps in toning the thighs overtime. It also stretches tight hamstrings.
  5. Calming effect: As the torso is erect and we focus towards the eyebrow center, there is an incredible calming effect on the mind and body.
  6. Great meditative asana: Yoga asanas are designed to prepare the body to sit in meditation. We need strong backs and flexible hips to be still for long periods. Vajrasana is commonly used to sit in silence, due to its’ ease and efficiency.