Six tastes in Āyurveda

Madhura – Sweet Taste

Fruitsbananas, cantaloupe, dates, figs, mangos, melons, prunes
Vegetablesbeets, carrots (cooked), cucumber, olives, sweet potatoes
Grainscorn, rice, wheat
Legumesgarbanzo beans, lentils (red), mung beans, navy beans, tofu, urad dal
Nuts & Seedsalmonds, cashews, coconut, pumpkin seeds
Dairy & Eggsghee, milk, eggs
Meatbeef, buffalo, pork, salmon
Sweetenersall
Spices & Flavoringsbasil, bay leaf, caraway, cardamom, cinnamon, coriander, fennel, mint, nutmeg, saffron, tarragon, vanilla

Amla – Sour Taste

Fruitsgrapefruit, lemon, lime, raisins, tamarind
Vegetablespickles, tomatoes
Grainsdough breads
Dairy & Eggsbutter, cheese, sour cream, yogurt
Otheralcohol, vinegar, most fermented foods
Spices & Flavoringslemon juice, lime juice, garlic, savory

Lavana – Salty Taste

Vegetablescelery, seaweed
Dairycottage cheese
Meat & Fishtuna
Spices & Flavoringstable salt, sea salt, rock salt, gamasio, soy sauce, tamari

Katu – Pungent Taste

Vegetableschilies, garlic, leeks, onions, kohlrabi, mustard greens, radishes, turnips, raw spinach
Grainsbuckwheat, spelt
Nuts & Seedsmustard seeds
Spicesmost spices, especially black pepper, cardamom, cayenne, cloves, ginger, hing, mustard seeds, and paprika

Tikta – Bitter Taste

Vegetablesbitter melon, burdock root, leafy greens (like kale, collards, dandelion greens or yellow dock), eggplant, artichokes
Othersesame seeds, sesame oil, coffee, dark chocolate
Spicescumin, dill, fenugreek, saffron, turmeric

Kashaya – Astringent

Fruitsapples, bananas (green), cranberries, pomegranate
Vegetablesalfalfa sprouts, avocado, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots (raw), cauliflower, green beans, lettuce, peas, potatoes, most raw vegetables
Grainspasta (wheat), rye
Legumesmost beans are astringent
Nuts & Seedspopcorn
Meatchicken (light meat), venison
Spices & Flavoringsbasil, bay leaf, caraway, coriander, dill, fennel, marjoram, nutmeg, oregano, parsley, poppy seeds, rosemary, saffron, turmeric, vanilla